Thought it takes time, preparing a salt water tank is an exciting endeavor. The preparations are never hurriedly done. This helps reduce the chances of losing your new pets. Here are some steps that you should consider following when setting up your new reef tank.
I. The first step its identifying a location for the tank.
Pick the location where you feel will be an appropriate place to have the tank. Make sure it is has plenty of space for the exact size of tank you planning for. It should not be exposed to direct sunlight to reduce chances of algae growth in the tank.
The locations should be near a source of electric power for purposes of lighting the tanks and running the water filtration system. In addition, the location should had be of room temperature and well ventilated. You should also go for a location that will give you ample access for an easier maintenance of the reef tank.
II. The next step will be to get all the necessary supplies
You will need to a tank and a canopy (lid) for the tank. Get a stand on which to place the tank. The tank should have a natural aquatic look hence you will need some sand, plant, and rock and ensure you know the fish you wish to have in your tank. You also need a heater and thermometer.
You need to check for any leaks as you clean the tank, the rocks, and plastic plants using a teaspoon of pure bleach and 5 gallons of water and thoroughly rinse will clean water. Do not use any soap or detergents.
III. Proceed to install the filtration system, the lighting, and substrate
The best way of doing this is working with filtration system that comes with an installation manual. You need to make sure that you thoroughly clean the substrate before placing it into your salt water tank. Carefully add the sand or gravel then place the rocks and plastic plants and make sure they are properly secured at the bottom. Make sure you are working with 1lb of these installations per the gallon of water the tank will need.
Light is an important element need for a healthy aquatic ecosystem. Since you will have the tank in a place with limited sunlight, artificial lighting will be necessary. Install the heater and the thermometer and set the heater to about 78 degree.
IV. Add the salt water and run the entire set up
You need to make sure the whole set up is running without any glitch. Give it a test run of at least 3 – 4 days just to make sure the water is at the right temperature, the filtration system is working properly, and the tank have proper lighting.
V. The final step will be adding the livestock
Avoid rushing to add the fish in to a just completed salt water tank since it lacks the proper biological settings need to support an aquatic ecosystem. Hence, giving the system those few days to run creates those right conditions. Then and only then should you add the fish.
Goldfish aren’t the only fresh water fish that you’ll find in aquariums across the globe. There are actually several hundred species of fresh water fish regularly available to the public. You can find quite a few of those available at most local pet stores. With so many different options, it might seem difficult to choose the best fish for you and your aquarium.
If this is your first tank and first fish, then the decision is that much more difficult. Luckily, there is some helpful advice, guidelines, and suggestions provided throughout the article below.
1. Start With Research.
You never want to purchase a fish unless you know they are going to do well with your aquarium. If you’ve already got an aquarium, then you need to choose a suitable species of fish that has adapted to survive in that environment. If you haven’t chosen the aquarium and are choosing the fish first, then remember that you’ll have to find the appropriate aquarium.
Often times, first-time fish buyers will choose the fish they like the most without doing any real research. This means they won’t actually know what the fish eats, how big the fish will get, and what personal care requirements it might have. All fish are different in their own ways, which makes the research absolutely necessary if you want to give the fish a proper living environment.
If this isn’t your first fish or if you’re planning on adding more in the future, then you need to make sure you buy fish that are compatible with one another. Many people buy various fish of different colors and sizes without thinking too much about how well they will live together.
When these fish originate from different parts of the world and are accustomed to different water conditions and temperatures it’s make it hard for them to coexist. It’s important to find fish that live in a similar environment and are not particularly hostile to other fish. There are some fish who simply won’t share a tank with others.
Fish that are constantly hostile towards one another are more likely to become sick and die. This is true even if the water conditions are set at ideal levels. Once again, the compatibility of the fish can be learned through some diligent research.
When considering compatibility, you’ll also need to think of the fish’s various behavior patterns. For example, there are some fish that swim very fast and quite often. Other fish are considered slow swimmers and might not move much in the water.
Not only could these two disturb one another, but fast fish are also believed to be more aggressive. There are also fish that are very territorial. These types of fish won’t do well in a tank with other fish. At best, having these fish together in a tank would limit their space to swim.
There really is no “best” fish out there. It’s up to you to do the research and learn which fish would survive best in your aquarium and with the other fish that are already there.
When you need to clean your aquarium there are a few supplies you will need before you begin. These items include a algae scraper, a large bowl or a clean bucket and a gravel vacuum and siphon.
The first step in cleaning your aquarium will be to prepare new and clean water that will replace the dirty water that is removed from the tank. This water will need to stand for at least 48 hours, alternatively you use a dechlorinization solution that will eliminate stress on your fish that can be caused from minerals present in tap water. Keep your clean water in a clean bucket or bowl. Make sure you unplug the electric components and filter before you begin.
1. Use Your Algae Scrapper
Purchase a fish-safe solution from your local pet store to clean the outside of the tank with a majority of the dirt and build-up. If the algae scraper is not working well enough, you can even try using a razor blade.
2. Siphon Out The Water
When you siphon out the water, be sure to leave some water for the fish to still feel comfortable. It is extremely important not to disturb the fish when you change the water conditions of the aquarium too much at once. Fish are sensitive and their environment needs to remain in balance. Be sure to carefully follow the instructions on your siphon for desirable results and drain your siphoned water into a sink or down a drain.
3. Sort Through Your Gravel, Sand or Rocks On The Bottom Of Your Tank
The material that you use to line your aquarium requires cleaning to remove any waste, debris and food. Instead of taking the material out of the tank to clean them, use your gravel vacuum and your siphon to remove and suck up all the accumulated waste and debris from the bottom of the tank.
4. Clean Your Treasure Chests, Ships, Plants, etc.
In general you are able to clean nearly every type of aquarium accessory with the algae scrubber. However, if your accessories have become too dirty you will need to remove them from tank and wash them under a tap without using any detergents or cleaners. Allow these accessories to air dry before placing them back into your aquarium.
Once you have completed cleaning the inside of your aquarium you can begin to slowly introduce the new water. It is advisable to use your siphon to add the new water so that you don’t distress your fish in any way. Lastly, plug your lights, heater and any other devices back in and enjoy your easy to clean aquarium.
Maintaining Your Aquarium
To keep up the appearance of a clean fish tank, repeat this process at least once in a week. You can avoid algae build up by investing in algae eaters like the sucker mouth catfish. For any further advice on your type of aquarium, visit your closest pet or aquarium store.
When setting up the at-home aquarium, there are a variety of choices in relation to preferred type of water to include. Common choices include tap water, bottled water, softened water, purified water, and collected water.
First and foremost you must answer this question: Do I need fresh or salt water? this will depend on the type of fish you plan to house in your tank.
Here is a general overview of the major options for filling the aquarium:
The most cost-effective, obvious, and easiest option is to rely on standard tap water. Free access to tap water is certain to be available to virtually anyone that has an aquarium set-up in the home. Also, this type of water is perfectly fine for the fish. Although, for those properties that receive cholorinated tap water it is usually necessary to use a chloramine remover or dechlorinator to make certain the water is fully safe for the fish and plant life in the aquarium.
For a more convenient approach, many aquarium owners want to use the water that is softened using a home water system. But, before using the home water softener on the water for the aquarium make sure to determine the softening media used is in fact safe for use in the aquarium.
A majority of the softeners are designed to remove the calcium content and replace with sodium. For a lot of freshwater fish this isn’t going to offer the desired environment. An alternative option is to use potassium chloride as an alternative to sodium chloride. This is a more expensive process but will provide the fish friendly water, while also being better for the live plants. When looking to purchase a water softener system, make sure you read some reviews on a water softener review site such as http://www.watersoftenercritic.com
Filling the aquarium with bottled water is a further choice that is often considered. Although, for those with tap water that is deemed to be safe, it isn’t really necessary to invest in buying enough water bottles to fill the tank. Also, not all bottled water is tested or regulated, while certain brands include additives, colors, preservatives, flavors, and vitamins. Any of these additives can have a negative impact on the fish tank.
Many people have an interest in using naturally sourced water from rainfall. If planning on using this option for the aquarium, it is crucial to determine how the rain water is going to be collected. Rainwater has the potential to carry a variety of pollutants, while dirt can build up at the collection container. This type of water isn’t the best for maintaining the preferred chemical balance.
Water from another Aquarium
If planning to install a second fish tank in the home, there is the option to source a certain amount of water from the first tank. This can offer a variety of benefits when preparing an entirely new aquarium, but it can also have several negative points. Existing fish tank water has the potential to pose risks of chemical toxicity or disease, so it is necessary to be cautious with this approach.
So, usually the fish can have a more healthful living environment with the original tap water that is regularly cleaned.
Ultimately, the choice is up to you, depending on your choice of sea-life. No matter what you choose, make sure you treat your animals the right way, and clean the tank at least once a month!